Millets and Maize | Atherigona soccata
Atherigona soccata (Rondani, 1871); Common Name: Shoot flies
Taxonomy Information
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Arthropoda
Class
Insecta
Order
Diptera
Superfamily
Muscoidea
Family
Muscidae
Subfamily
Phaoniinae
Genus
Atherigona
Species
soccata
Author
(Rondani, 1871)
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Field Identification

The whitish-grey females lay eggs on the lower surface of leaf blades mostly during morning hours. The egg is white, cylindrical, distal face somewhat flattened and provided with 2 wings, which run longitudinally and bound the flattened part. The Side under the wings are faintly ribbed and the distal portion between the wings is restricted.

Damage

These are one of the serious pests of sorghum in India. The maggots on hatching migrates to the upper surface of leaf, moves along the leaf margin towards the leaf sheath and on entering between the leaf sheath and axis nibbles at the tissue and effects horizontal cut. The growing point dies and succulent and protected by leaf sheath it decays and the maggots feed on this rotten matter. Feeding by boring in to stem of seedlings and cause ‘dead hearts’.

Key Natural Enemies

Trichogramma chilonis, Trichogrammatoidea simmondsi, Neotrichoporoides nyemitawus, Spalangia endius, Trichopria sp., Aprostocetus sp., Opius sp., etc.

Related Species

Atherigona orientalis, Atherigona naqvii

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